### Stock Return Calculations in R

https://rstudio-pubs-static.s3.amazonaws.com/78839_afca73ae18194eaf8f1b86d399dde969.htmlWe have changes the default arguments and settings for method from compound and simple to discrete and log and discrete to avoid confusing between the return type and the chaining method. In most of the rest of PerformanceAnalytics, compound and simple are used to refer to the return chaining method used for the returns. The default for this …**Status**:Page Online

### Calculate log returns | R – DataCamp

https://campus.datacamp.com/courses/model-a-quantitative-trading-strategy-in-r/chapter-1-introduction-to-r-for-trading?ex=16Log returns or continuously compounded returns at time (t), denoted as (r_t), are defined as $$ r_t =lnleft(frac{P_t}{P_{t-1}}right) = ln(P_t) – ln(P_{t-1}) $$ where $P t$ and $P {t-1}$ are the closing prices of current and previous date respectively.**Status**:Page Online

### Calculating log returns using R – Quantitative Finance …

https://quant.stackexchange.com/questions/2909/calculating-log-returns-using-rI am trying to calculate the log returns of a dataset in R using the usual log differencing method. However, the calculated data is simply a vector of zeroes. I can’t see what I’m doing wrong. Her…**Status**:Page Online

### How to Calculate Log Return | Sapling.com

https://www.sapling.com/6470290/calculate-log-returnMany investments will increase in value and earn a compounded return as time progresses. Investors can use the natural log function to calculate the continuously compounded rate of return on stocks and bonds. The continuous compounding rate of return assumes that you’re constantly reinvesting your earnings at the same rate of return.**Status**:Page Online

### Calculating log returns using R – Quantitative Finance …

https://quant.stackexchange.com/questions/2909/calculating-log-returns-using-r/38963I am trying to calculate the log returns of a dataset in R using the usual log differencing method. However, the calculated data is simply a vector of zeroes. I can’t see what I’m doing wrong. Her…**Status**:Page Online

### r – calculate daily log return within a data frame – Stack …

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18008355/calculate-daily-log-return-within-a-data-frameThis calculate the log returns and adds a NA to the end, because you’ll loose one observation. It is important to add this to the END and not the beginning of the series. It is important to add this to the END and not the beginning of the series.**Status**:Page Online

### R: Calculate Periodic Returns

https://www.quantmod.com/documentation/periodReturn.htmlReturns object of the class that was originally passed in, with the possible exception of monthly and quarterly return indicies being changed to class yearmon and yearqtr where available. This can be overridden with the indexAt argument passed in the … to the to.period function.**Status**:Page Online

### Introduction to Portfolio Returns · R Views

https://rviews.rstudio.com/2017/10/11/from-asset-to-portfolio-returns/An R community blog edited by RStudio. Today, we go back a bit to where we probably should have started in the first place, but it wouldn’t have been as much fun. In our previous work on volatility, we zipped through the steps of data import, tidy and transformation. Let’s correct that oversight and do some spade work on transforming daily asset prices to monthly portfolio log returns. Our …**Status**:Page Online

### Calculating Log Returns – YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LFwLfdSAkpQ26.03.2016 · This video provides an overview of how to calculate log returns in Excel.**Status**:Page Online